TOEFL EXERCISE (Skill 1-3)

Choose the letter of the underlined word or group of words that is not correct.

This next each color of word is representatives the option:

(A)   Purple

(B)   Marron

(C)   Blue

(D)   Green

 

1.   Nobody know when the process of glass-making was invented.(INCORRECT)

The incorrect word is (A) Know. The reason, Nobody is singular subject and the verb (know) must be followed by s/es.

The right answers: Nobody knows when the process of glass-making was invented.

2. The languages of the world presents a vast array of structural similarities and differences. (INCORRECT)

The incorrect word is (A) Presents. The reason, The languages is a plural subject, so that it does not need to be followed by s/es in the end of the verb.

The right answers: The languages of the world present a vast array of structural similarities and differences.

3.   The rise of multinationals have resulted in a great deal of legal ambiguity because multinationals can operate in so many jurisdictions. (INCORRECT)

The incorrect word is (A) Have. The reason, The rise is singular subject and the verb must be followed by has, not have.

The right answers: The rise of multinationals has resulted in a great deal of legal ambiguity because multinationals can operate in so many jurisdictions.

4.   All of the east-west interstate highways in the United States has even numbers, while north-south interstate highways are odd-numbered. (INCORRECT)

The incorrect word is (A) Has. The reason, All of the east-west interstate highways in the United States is plural subject and the verb must be followed have, not has.

The right answers: All of the east-west interstate highways in the United States have even numbers, while north-south interstate highways are odd-numbered.

5.   When a massive star in the large Magellanic Cloud exploded in 1987, a wave of neutrinos were detected on Earth. (INCORRECT)

The incorrect word is (C) Were. The reason, a wave of neutrinos is a singular subject, so it must follow with was the one of auxiliary verb for singular subject, not were.

The right answer: When a massive star in the large Magellanic Cloud exploded in 1987, a wave of neutrinos was detected on Earth.

6.   Every open space in the targeted area that has grass and a few bushes are occupied by the white-crowned sparrow. (INCORRECT)

The incorrect word is (C) Are. The reason, a few bushes is singular subject. So it must be followed by is, not are.

The right answer: Every open space in the targeted area that has grass and a few bushes is  occupied by the white-crowned sparrow.

7.   Krakatoa is remembered as the volcano that put so much ash into the air that sunsets around the world was affected for two years afterward. (INCORRECT)

The incorrect word is (B) Put. The reason, Krakatoa is singular subject. Singular verb (put) must be followed by s/es.

The right answer: Krakatoa is remembered as the volcano that puts so much ash into the air that sunsets around the world was affected for two years afterward.

8.   The term “Yankee” was originally a nickname for people from New England, but now anyone from the United States are referred to as a Yankee. (INCORRECT)

The incorrect word is (B) Are. The reason, Anyone is singular subject and the verb must be followed by is, not are.

The right answer: The term “Yankee” was originally a nickname for people from New England, but now anyone from the United States is referred to as a Yankee.

9.   A network of small arteries, mostly sandwiched between the skin and the underlying muscles, supply blood to the face and scalp. (INCORRECT)

The incorrect word is (C) Supply. The reason, A network of small arteries is singular subject and the verb (supply) must be followed by s/es.

The right answer: A network of small arteries, mostly sandwiched between the skin and the underlying muscles, supplies blood to the face and scalp.

10.   Mesquite is a small tree in the Southwest who can withstand the severest drought. (INCORRECT)

The incorrect word is (D) Withstand. The reason, Mesquite is a singular subject. And the verb (withstand) must be followed by s/es.

The right answer: Mesquite is a small tree in the Southwest who can withstands the severest drought.

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